Index Fossil Definition Simple

The fossil remains of an organism that lived in a particular geologic age used to identify or date the rock or rock layer in which it is found. The complex of data recorded in fossils worldwide known as the fossil record is the primary source of information about the history of life on earth.

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Index fossil ĭn dĕks the fossil remains of an organism that lived in a particular geologic age used to identify or date the rock or rock layer in which it is found.

Index fossil definition simple. Any fossil of wide geographical distribution and a short range in time used to correlate and date rock strata and their associated fossils. It is distinctive widespread abundant and limited in geologic time. Characteristics of an index fossil a good index fossil is one with four characteristics.

Index fossils are the basis for defining boundaries in the geologic time scale and for the correlation of strata. Index fossils are the fossils of a plant or animal that were known to be living in a specific geological age and can be used in determining the date of the rock or rock layer in which they are found. Mold fossils are when an imprint is made and that imprint is fossilized whereas cast fossils are imprints that are filled in and then fossilized.

A fossil that is found in many places and comes from the same time in history so that. Fossil definition any remains impression or trace of a living thing of a former geologic age as a skeleton footprint etc. Index fossils also called key fossils or type fossils are those that are used to define periods of geologic time.

A useful index fossil must be distinctive or easily recognizable abundant and have a wide geographic distribution and a short range through time. Fossil remnant impression or trace of an animal or plant of a past geologic age that has been preserved in earth s crust. Index fossil any animal or plant preserved in the rock record of the earth that is characteristic of a particular span of geologic time or environment.

This is a mold fossil of a bivalve like a clam.

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